2018 Health Hack Competition Challenges


Medical Simulators


interactive pedcases for medical students

PedsCases is a free online resource for medical students and residents (www.pedscases.com), based out of the University of Alberta in Edmonton. Content includes podcasts, cases (case study-based quizzes), and videos. We envision that this program will allow users to ask questions to a virtual patient and receive appropriate answers while progressing through the patient’s story, including taking a medical history, doing a physical exam, selecting appropriate laboratory and imaging tests and seeing the results, and coming up with a diagnosis.

 

Simulations for Evaluating Wearable Tech in the Brain for Long Term Monitoring of Epilepsy

Epilepsy affects ~76 million people a year around the world. A significant portion of these patients doesn't respond to pharmaceutical interventions. These patients need to undergo surgery for diagnosis, treatment and long-term monitoring. The current diagnostic and monitoring regimen for these patients often lead to significantly reduced quality of life as the procedures are extremely invasive, cumbersome, and with low signal to noise ratio. With the advent of new technology in the field of EEG-lead, we are on the verge of turning the long-term neurological monitoring/stimulation into a wireless wearable technology that will dramatically improve the quality of life for the patients and the quality of data collected for physicians. In order to evaluate a wearable and wireless technology of the human brain, we need a simulator with: 1) Consistency and structure that faithfully reflects the human brain with meninges, boney cranium and skin (CT scans of the structures will be provided). 2) The ability to simulate the force and vibration. 3) Tissue layer transitional sensors.

 

The current simulators are expensive ($600 infant-$1000 adult CND) and require powerful computers to run the simulation program. Also, the simulators designed to help learners practice decision-making and actions associated with the procedure are based on a virtual reality tours and lacks the 3D texture training for the learners. Moreover, the simulators lack sensors that will alert learners when the tissue planes are transitioning. The current simulators are designed for perfectly straight spines. There are no simulators that can mimic patients with scoliosis and /or excessive lordosis and kyphosis. We propose a simulator for lumbar and thoracic puncture to collect CSF designed for novice learners that whilst being relatively cheap, anatomically correct and easy to use simulators, will standardize training of novice practitioners and be easily integrated early into medical education.

Simulation for collecting cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) for diagnosis of neurological disorders

 

RP … Developing a portable simulated model for teaching Third Trimester - Point of Care Ultrasound (POCUS) in resource-poor countries that meets the ISUOG criteria. The model, ultimately would allow for POCUS training to determine fetal position, number of fetuses, fetal heart rate, placental location, amniotic fluid volume (AFV) and fetal biometry in the third trimester of pregnancy. Rudimentary models have been attempted, but with little success. POCUS is the use of ultrasound technology to assess patients in variety of settings. Ultrasound machines have the added advantage of being portable, affordable, durable and reliable. Ultrasound imaging is the primary imaging modality for women’s health and is safe for obstetrical imaging. Simplified and standardized training on a portable model is required to ensure the systematic approach to a third trimester ultrasound examination and recognition of treatable anomalies in developing countries. Maternal mortality remains elevated in these countries. About 830 women die from pregnancy- or childbirth-related complications around the world every day. Most causes are preventable. The ability to use ultrasound in the setting of third trimester point of care screening in developing countries would positively affect delivery planning and could result in

Point of Care - Third Trimester - Ultrasound for Resource-Poor Countries

 

Simulation for diagnosing and reduction of shoulder dislocation

Existing shoulder dislocation simulators do no offer the mechanism to learn the cause of the dislocation and are only designed only to address the most common form of shoulder dislocation. More so, no simulator today can demonstrate the relative locations of nerve plexus and blood vessels to the shoulder joint, or offers sensory feedback mechanism for understanding the minimum force and angular rotation necessary to cause a shoulder dislocation which are critical in diagnosis. As a result, observing experienced doctors perform diagnostic and treatment procedures is the only way novice medical students learn and practice decision making and actions associated with shoulder dislocation. This inexperienced hands-on parctice can result in patients experiencing unnecessary pain and unwanted side-effects during treatment of shoulder dislocation. We propose design of a human shoulder girdle learning simulator that more accurately simulates real forces, range of motion, and anatomy of a real shoulder. This all–in-one simulator would offer visual and sensor feedback systems to mimic the cause of shoulder dislocation and allow learners to practice treatment proceedures that will critically improve learners’ understanding of clinical symptoms and lead to better diagnosis and prognosis.